Statistics in the News: Chapter 6 Presenting
Data: Tables and Graphs
Disability-Based Harassment Charges Rising
As Chapter 6 notes, a simple graph can sometimes neatly summarize
an important story. Here is one case in point: Employees with
disabilities have long complained about harassment by their
supervisors and coworkers. Many disabled workers argue that
they are being constantly accused of faking their injuries,
that they are being ganged up on, and that managers try hard
to force them to quit.
According to a recent report by the U. S. Equal Employment
Opportunity Commission (EEOC), disability-based harassment
charges are now the fourth most frequent claim. Figure A,
drawn with EXCEL, explains.
FIGURE A Harassment Charges Filed With the EEOC, 10/1/00
Recently, federal courts have begun to take such complaints
more seriously, recognizing them as similar to traditional
cases of sexual and racial harassment. But lawsuits under
the 1990 Americans With Disabilities Act have proved
to be extremely difficult to win, according to Ruth Colker,
a law professor at Ohio State University. According to her
research, between 1992 and mid-1998, employers prevailed in
more than 93 percent of cases reaching the trial court level
and they prevailed 84 percent of the time on appeal.
Source: Adapted from Reed Abelson, "Employers Increasingly
Face Disability-Based Bias Charges," The New York Times,
November 20, 2001, pp. C1 and C4.