|Do You Have a License to Make Those Ice Cream Cones?|
|Subject||increase in state licensing requirements for various occupations|
|Topic||Labor markets, Governemnt and the Economy|
license, unions, supply, wages. Recent research indicates that a growing number of occupations require state licensing as a precondition for employment. In fact, twice as many people are now working in licensed positions than those working in unionized jobs, a big twist from 20 years ago. Why?
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Reference ID: A142704726
How does this kind of shift happen? A group of workers organize into an occupational association (American Medical Association (AMA), for example) to lobby the state government to require licensure for their particular occupation. Few state governments have any incentive not to grant such requests from occupational organizations, since licenses provide significant sources of revenue for state and local governments. Licenses typically require annual payments, minimum educational or training levels, and passage of some sort of field examinations. State requirements vary, and not every state recognizes other states' licensure criteria.
|Source||Alan Kreuger. "Do you need a license to earn a living? You might be surprised at the answer." The New York Times2 March 2006. http://www.nytimes.com|
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